Annual and transition report of foreign private issuers pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

13. Property and Equipment (Details - Accum Amort)

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13. Property and Equipment (Details - Accum Amort) - USD ($)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2017
Dec. 31, 2016
Dec. 31, 2015
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance $ 11,047 $ 13,564  
Depreciation charge for the year 3,574 3,229 [1] $ 3,160 [1]
Property and equipment, ending balance 7,614 11,047 13,564
Property and equipment, net 7,614 11,047 13,564
Plant And Machinery [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 3,603 4,218  
Property and equipment, ending balance 2,287 3,603 4,218
Property and equipment, net 2,287 3,603 4,218
Industrial And Commercial Equipment [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 768 790  
Property and equipment, ending balance 918 768 790
Property and equipment, net 918 768 790
Office And Office Related Equipment [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 6,676 8,556  
Property and equipment, ending balance 4,409 6,676 8,556
Property and equipment, net 4,409 6,676 8,556
Accumulated Depreciation [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 97,619 93,975 90,392
Depreciation charge for the year 3,953 3,644 3,583
Property and equipment, ending balance 101,572 97,619 93,975
Property and equipment, net 97,619 97,619 93,975
Accumulated Depreciation [Member] | Plant And Machinery [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 86,143 85,648 85,179
Depreciation charge for the year 855 495 469
Property and equipment, ending balance 86,998 86,143 85,648
Property and equipment, net 86,143 86,143 85,648
Accumulated Depreciation [Member] | Industrial And Commercial Equipment [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 108 108 108
Depreciation charge for the year 0 0 0
Property and equipment, ending balance 108 108 108
Property and equipment, net 108 108 108
Accumulated Depreciation [Member] | Office And Office Related Equipment [Member]      
Disclosure of fair value measurement of assets [line items]      
Property and equipment, beginning balance 11,368 8,219 5,105
Depreciation charge for the year 3,098 3,149 3,114
Property and equipment, ending balance 14,466 11,368 8,219
Property and equipment, net $ 11,368 $ 11,368 $ 8,219
[1] Restated for discontinued operations (see note 9 - Discontinued Operations).